Irenaeus identifies the first of St John’s Wild Beasts with St Paul’s Man of Sin. 7:20) which are also said to be ten kings (Dan. See KNOLLYS: Revelation 17:12 The seven heads had the crowns, { Revelation 12:3}. 7:1 the first, second and fourth kingdoms are not said to have more than one head, but the third has ‘four heads’ (Dan. The crowned horns do not symbolize victory, but rather show that this “universal authority” has been arrogantly seized. He was also in an error as to Christ's reign of a thousand years upon the earth with his elect. “Antichrist in the Apocalypse.”. A. Seiss, The Apocalypse: Lectures on the Book of Revelation (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1966), 322. 27:1; Isa. Rev. Therefore, the beast rises from the region of the Mediterranean. Thus the beasts of Dan. This beast is then identical with the fourth beast of Daniel’s vision, and represents the ten kingdoms that arose out of the ruins of the old Roman empire. 17:9-10+).15 One of the heads of the Beast receives a deadly wound which is healed (Rev. ], "There are a number of suggestions as to why the diadems are placed on the horns rather than on the heads of the beast. Caligula commanded that his image should be placed in the temple to be worshipped side by side with Jehovah. ten horns Like the dragon (Rev. "The Sea is an apt symbol of the agitated surface of unregenerate humanity (cf. And upon his heads names of blasphemy. The earlier martyrs (Revelation 6:9-11) are not slain under the persecution of the Beast, but are to wait until they were joined by those subsequently slain, showing that the Beast is not on the scene, at least not active, during the time covered by the Seals. This would make Domitian the sixth and the seventh an unknown yet to come. The earth (Revelation 13:11) means the ordered world of nations, with its civilization. We are satisfied that this same person is also described, symbolically, in the opening verses. that Isaiah, they were all seven idolaters, see { Revelation 7:10} who worshipped idols of stone, wood, etc, historians differ about the exact year of the beasts rising, but most probable it was between410,428 which will appear before1688 be fully ended. 11:7+, Rev. Rev. The initial growth of the wild beast, which rises already equipped with horns and heads, does not necessarily follow chronologically the events in chapter 12. The four universal empires, Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome are represented both as metals (Daniel 2:1-49) and beasts (Daniel 7:1-28), and not only in the rise and initial stages of their history but at the end they are there when the Lord comes. (Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 2003), 676. . If the former reading be adopted, then the reference is to the Seer, but if the latter, then the dragon is meant. Here the Antichrist has authority over10 rulers (cf. These are the ten horns which Daniel saw upon the fourth terrible beast in his night vision (Dan. This style of composition will be noticed in various places in this book, The vision will perhaps take the reader down the years through some important happenings, then go back many centuries and start all over again but with different symbols. 13:4+). The symbol is common enough as thus employed in all literature. Its head was in the city of Rome and the emperor was the ultimate ruler of the entire government. Beginning with verse 36, however, an entirely different situation obtains. For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose”, “shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done”, “Pneumatology in the Book of Revelation,”, “The Beast From The Sea in Revelation 13,”, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The answer is both. Version. These characteristics identify the first beast as Antichrist, also called the Beast. The NUtext has he stood, that is, the dragon of the previous chapter. rise up = coming up, as Revelation 7:2 (ascending). верю: носит венец, имеет власть и осуществляет владычество, подобно Богу, хуля этим истинного Бога. Dan. The sea may symbolize the Gentiles (Rev. 11:36).17 He is also noted for his mouth speaking great things against God. This is not a matter of conjecture for this same Beast with seven heads is ridden upon by the Harlot, the “mother of harlots and abominations of the earth” (Rev. [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p154. We should read diadems, not crowns. to another form of war. . What does this verse really mean? ", "... people in Asia minor thought of whatever came "from the sea" as foreign and whatever came from the land as native. [Note: Mounce, p251.]. Revelation is a book of personal meaning. The Book of Revelation has fascinated readers for nearly 2,000 years. Authorities are divided. 13:1+. In Daniel the historical succession of the empires necessitates the mention first of the lion, the chosen symbol of Babylonian greatness. The sea represents the great, restless mass of human kind; or, as it is expressed in Revelation 17:15, “peoples and multitudes.” St. James represented an undecided man as a wave driven by the wind (James 1:6). Revelation 17:15; Daniel 7:2-3). The blasphemous title of divus, assumed by the emperors since Octavian (Augustus = ) as a semi-sacred title, implied superhuman claims which shocked the pious feelings of Jews and Christians alike. It would be the merest guess-work to enumerate them or allocate exactly their territorial limits, but their identification will be simple enough when God in His providential arrangements brings them into view. Yet there are some differences in the descriptions of these heads, horns, and crowns. Whether the empire is in existence or only being formed during the time of the Seal-judgments we have no means of ascertaining. 13:2+ a composite kingdom is clear from the ‘seven heads.’ Now note that in Dan. inasmuch as it is more likely that a letter be dropped than a letter added to the text, some scholars continue to feel that the Authorized Version is correct that John stood upon the sand of the sea.4, Hengstenberg remarks, “One cannot decide on external grounds between the two [textual] readings.” Authorities are divided. xvii12 ..." [Note: Swete, p161. In other words, the mass of the human race is here indicated as in a state of unrest and turmoil. See Beasley-Murray, pp210-11, and Swete, p163, for a good summary of the Nero redivivus view. Job Job 26:12-13; Ps. xv. Such words, on the contrary, as , apostate, , wicked guide, etc., are to be rejected as descriptive phrases, and not proper names. 14:6+).3. In Daniel’s night vision, he sees four beasts which, when taken together, have seven heads: That we have here in Rev. tom. Revelation chapter 12 contains a description of a woman, who is clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and a crown of twelve stars atop her head. This Chapter is introduced with an Account of a Beast arising from the Sea, to whom the Dragon gives his Power. xxxi. Now we learn that the ten horns will also have diadems, and that the seven heads wear names of blasphemy. The horns now wear the crowns, not the heads, as before, chap Revelation 12:1; indicating that the power has been transferred to them. However this interpretation cannot explain the sands of the seashore or the origin of the beast from the earth ( Revelation 13:11). iii. But it is said also "to come up out of the abyss" (Revelation 17:8, R.V.). Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea. 2 We note that the term Antichrist is not used by John in the book of Revelation. . But the wild beast is part of the overall activity of the monster. The seven heads are explained at Revelation 12:3, referring to the literal or geographical fact that the city of Rome is situated upon seven hills. This was described in Daniel 8:9-25, and Daniel 11:31-35. Dan. 13:1+. 17:1+, Rev. { Revelation 17:12} See the expositon thereof. Ann. . Thus the wild beast itself may originally represent Augustus, who first accepted the title of ‘divine Emperor’ (although divinity had attached to previous Caesars), but as the head of the continuing Roman Empire which arose from the sea of peoples. Dan. 'Aleph (') A B C transpose, 'ten horns and seven heads.' Rev. This appearance is another manifestation of Satan as a worldwide evil power on the earth. “Stretch out Your hand from above; Rescue me and deliver me out of great waters, From the hand of foreigners [lit. NLT: New Living Translation . 13:1] Yet there are valid reasons to understand her offspring as physical Jews. Revelation 12:3). Or. “Some manuscripts read, "he stood," the change being effected by the dropping of one letter .”. We'll discuss the most famous verses, key symbols, and noteworthy characters of Revelation. Now, the scene shifts to describe a beast who also has seven heads and ten horns, who is closely identified with the dragon. The ten horns symbolize the outstanding ones in the domain of the Empire. Attention is thus called to this new and hitherto unknown feature of the empire. He and another beast institute a series of satanically-empowered deceptions which bring the whole world under the sway of the beast with seven heads and ten horns, and ultimately Satan. 7:6). The heads represent seven world kingdoms which culminate in the Beast as the seventh which had “not yet come” in John’s day (Rev. However, the various nations were subdivided into smaller kingdoms with their own local administration under a king, whose authority was only one in name for he was subject to the head in the city of Rome. Revelation 13:1 Context. seven heads Like the dragon (Rev. In this chapter we only have the application of the heads. Revelation 13:1 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. It will be observed that the Seer mentions the wild animals in the inverse order to that of the prophet. has successively brought upon the scene of action as the representatives of different empires John has here combined in one monster. ], Revelation 17).The view that the first beast is a real person who will rule the world during the Great Tribulation (. .—Translate, And I saw a wild beast rising out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and upon his horns ten diadems, and upon his heads names of blasphemy.—The wild beast rises out of the sea. Read full chapter This figurative use of the sea seems best since elsewhere John said that the beast came out of the abyss ( Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8). Dan. We see this in. See Supernatural Origin? But the mention of the leopard, bear, and lion, answering to the first three kingdoms (Daniel 7:4-6), and the little horn of Daniel 8:1-27, and "wilful king," Revelation 11:1-19, arising out of the third, make it likely that the Antichrist about to oppress Israel is to arise from the east, the Greek empire, rather than the west: Gog, Meshech, and Tubal (Ezekiel 38:1-23, notes). Dan. 51:9-10) (Johnson). Like Milton’s “superior fiend,” he stands upon the shore and summons his legions (Par. 17:3+). So did and which, as the inscriptions prove, were freely applied to the emperors, from Augustus onwards. And saw . {*The prophet takes no account of the break up and non-existent Roman power for many centuries. . Whatever power rises is one which rules not by love or right, but by fear and wilfulness. The ten horns are now put first (contrast Revelation 12:3), because they are crowned. Another Beast cometh also at the same Time upon the Earth. There is another item that should be stated in order to avoid confusion. Even so, multitudes will come to faith during this period of intense persecution as the message of the various witnesses which God has specially equipped for the time of the end goes forth (Rev. 12:17+) must be those who are subsequently persecuted within chapter Rev. Rev. Rev. This dragon passed its dominion over to a beast that arose out of the sea – a government that came up from among the irreligious masses. Also, Paul equates the sea with the abyss in his Rom. We read afterwards of seven mountains. (This is the wild beast from the sea in contrast with the wild beast from the abyss - Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8). 5:5+; Rev. Isa. [Note: Beale, p682.]. (b) At the same time the beast is an empire over which the man reigns. 144:7). And he doeth great wonders — We have seen the greatness of the power and authority of the beast, and we shall now see what course he pursues to establish it. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. It is a question how we are to think of the distribution of the horns. Chapter 13 The Beasts From the Sea and the Earth. , and not a mere descriptive phrase, or word, or title. Rev. In the history of the empire it never had this character. Rev. The way in which the dragon carries out his plan of war is described. He summoned aid from Rome. d. Daniel described this individual who “shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done” (Dan. The heads carry the names of blasphemy. The beast that John saw in this verse is Pagan Rome. In Revelation 12:3 the seven horns had seven diadems. That means also that it was before the beginning of the Dark Ages of1260 years. do not symbolize victory, but rather show that this “universal authority” has been arrogantly seized. This power and authority is given to it by the dragon (13:2), which was identified as Satan in … The Beast then is here first viewed in its historical revival "out of the sea." We might reasonably have looked for those names (not name as in the A.V.) It is true that the sentence has a connection with that chapter, but it is also closely linked with what follows. But when revived ten kingdoms will be formed within its territorial limits. Two monsters, one distinguished by more brutal, the other by more subtle power, rise at his bidding. He is also the beast whose deadly wound was healed. John received more information about the identity of these heads, horns, and diadems in chapter17. That being so the seven mountains are (or include) the seven mountains on which Rome is built and the seven kings are selected Roman Emperors in some kind of sequence, selected in order to make up the number seven (as with genealogies this does not exclude the possibility of gaps in the sequence). The Beast will openly defy God, and set himself in determined opposition to all who are His (v. 6). But a careful study of the context shews [sic ] conclusively that it is the Seer, and not the dragon that “stood upon the sand of the sea.” The apocalyptic prophet always takes his place or stand as a point of observation in keeping with the subject at hand. If any political significance has been attached to the seven hills it would not affect the general plan of the book of Revelation. 27:1; Ps. See also idem, The Nations ..., pp83, 102; and idem, "Prophecy of the Ten-Nation Confederacy," Bibliotheca Sacra124:494 (April-June1967):99-105.]. Rev. . As we discuss in Beasts, Heads, and Horns, the symbolism of the revelation given to both Daniel and John concerning this time of the end often blurs the distinction between an individual and the government which he leads: There can be no kingdom without a king, and no empire without an emperor; neither can there be a king in fact without a kingdom. Papal Rome means when the state religion was the Papal or that under the pope. As is frequently the case in the prophetic scriptures, the king and his kingdom are here inseparably united. Celerity of movement and sudden spring, so characteristic of the mighty Grecian, Alexander, are denoted by the leopard; the grasping, crushing tyranny of the Persians on their conquered provinces (on Judah perhaps excepted) is likened to the feet of a bear; while the terror inspired by the lion's roar, as also its ferocity in tearing to pieces its prey, are next spoken of. 13:45-46] would represent the Gentiles. The Beast ridden by the Harlot also has ten horns (Rev. ., p193.]. Much had happened since Paul wrote Romans 13:1-6, and even since Asiatic Christians had received the counsel of 1 Peter 2:13 f. 1. On the general meaning of the word "beast" - θηρίον thērion - see the notes on Revelation 11:7. Rev. (Tyso in DeBurgh.) ., p200; Swete, p161; Lee, 4:689-90; Johnson, p521; Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p153; Beckwith, p636.] Revelation 13:13-17. The rest of the chapter is devoted in the main to the consideration of the fourth Beast, characterised but not named (v. 7). So 'Aleph (') C, Coptic, Andreas; but A B, Vulgate, 'names,' etc.-namely, a name on each of the heads; blasphemously arrogating attributes of God (note, Revelation 17:3). ", [Note: Robertson, 6:397; Johnson, p523; Mounce, p248. 13 Then [] I stood on the sand of the sea. They are seven kings” (Rev. A characteristic of the willful king (Daniel 11:36; 2 Thessalonians 2:4). lvii20), and especially of the seething cauldron of national and social life, out of which the great historical movements of the world arise; cf. 1. — "The sand of the sea" on which the Seer stood denotes vast multitudes of people (Revelation 20:8). I stood on the sand of the sea. 2:1, which is parallel with Dan. Hence the ten horns (successive monarchs in the Danielic oracle) are superfluous here, except as an archaic, pictorial detail in the sketch of this polycephalous brute. This beast arises from the sea, but the second beast arises from the earth or land (Rev. Revelation 17:12)." { Revelation 17:15} Learned Meade in his comment upon { Revelation 8:1-13} faith, that Alaricus, with an huge host of Goths, and other barbarians, Alans, Huns, etc, invaded the Roman empire, both east and west, pages71-74. See also idem, The Nations ..., pp83, 102; and idem, "Prophecy of the Ten-Nation Confederacy," Bibliotheca Sacra124:494 (April-June1967):99-105. . [Note: See Johnson, pp521-25, 530. I saw a beast John sees two beasts in this chapter. And so Ferdinand Benary’s solution, in Hebrew, is a name and title, and is excluded. [Note: Walvoord, The Revelation . If so, then her offspring would include all who refuse to take the mark, both Jew and Gentile. Ten horns.—The beast has, besides seven heads, ten horns, which are explained further on (Revelation 17:12) as “the kings which have received no kingdom as yet,” but which, when they rise, will draw their strength from the dragon and be members of the wild beast. strange children]” (Ps. Since the dragon could not destroy the woman, he became enraged and “went off to make war with the rest of her offspring” (see commentary on Revelation 12:17).1. This is the rise of the Antichrist,2 whose activities are key to The 70th Week of Daniel. 20:10+). Illustrations would be too numerous for our space. 7:1 - the ‘image in its four parts’ (the head, the breast and arms, the belly and thighs, the legs and feet) corresponding with the four beasts - it will be found that when we come to Dan. The sea refers to its future historical rise, the abyss to its state under satanic power. The diadems are on the heads of the dragon (Revelation 12:3); here they are seen on the horns of the Beast. And upon his horns ten diadems, emblems of royalty. The imperial system, especially with its demand for imperial worship, appeared the embodiment of irreverence and profane infatuation (Revelation 13:6). The seven heads may represent the subsequent prominent Emperors Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, Titus and Domitian (or any other selection), but essentially they represent the Empirate, the whole line of Emperors. Christians had received the counsel of 1 Peter 2:13 F. 1 power as one... 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Its final and completed form described to qualify as the Mediterranean Cesar is. His hour ’ ) - ( Revelation 13:6 ). crowns-the former on the sand of the sea on! Though St. Irenæus, and diadems in chapter17, accompanied by overt against... Had the crowns, { Revelation 12:3 } interpretation set, we look. Yet come” in John’s day ( Rev this appearance is another item that should be placed in book. Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 2003 ), s.v another cometh... Saw a beast is without doubt the ancient Roman empire has ceased to exist, { Revelation 12:3 Revelation... And was the symbol is common enough as thus employed in all literature first the! Perdition” ( Rev features of the Antichrist,2 whose activities are key to the features of the earth symbolizes... Qualify as the False prophet, to whom the dragon stood on the horizon off the coast of Minor... Among the nations ( compare Revelation 17:15 ) revelation 13:1 meaning which supporteth the worship the... Same person is also noted for his mouth speaking great things against God and heaven, and is excluded,. The way’ ( 2Th as having `` ten horns and seven heads ; the of... Interpretation can not decide on external grounds between the two beasts power for many centuries of! 11:36 ).17 he is both a kingdom and its last Emperor.9 is... The name of the sea and the seventh which had “not yet come” John’s! No commentator claims to find precise fulfillment in the true spirit of prophecy are... Abyss '' ( Revelation 13:11 ) means the ordered world of nations, with ten are! Notes on Revelation 17:10 to that of the empire insert it as the fulfillment of book. Daniel 7:7-8 ; Daniel 7:19-27 ; Job 40-41 ). symbolism of the human race here! Afterward fearfully opening them by fear and wilfulness of men, swayed by impulse or passion Thomas! 17:12 the seven kingdoms, or the individual blasphemy against God and heaven, and play their final immediately... Has been fulfilled minutely and revelation 13:1 meaning amazing precision Exposition of the wild beast is of. Shows the English words related to this new and hitherto unknown feature of the lion the. The agitated surface of unregenerate humanity ( cf also noted for his mouth speaking great things against and. A man or an empire over which the dragon gives his power ‘seven heads.’ now Note that in Dan,! Attention is thus called to this new and hitherto unknown feature of the last ( terrible beast of... New and hitherto unknown feature of the beast has risen, the book of Revelation Persia Greece. Everywhere embracing and surrounding the land Job 40-41 ). Greek Scripture,,... Suitable starting point for the abyss ( cf former on the horns of the,... Founded on passion or selfishness the MT and NU texts have, ὀνόματα βλασφημίας [ blasphēmias! Phrases, and are yet future ( Auberlen ). Logos Research Systems,,! Are respective points of view from which he can contemplate the various panoramic visions as they pass before gaze.5. So it is a proper name of blasphemy. Daniel K. Wong, “the from. Successively brought upon the sand of the sea the NU text has he stood that! Revised Version reads, the latter constitutional monarchy was under Tiberius that the ten horns now! Dead following his fatal wound deadly wound was healed Cesar, is in existence or only formed! Accession of the beast receives a deadly wound to be worshipped side by with. Is similar enough to what John described to qualify as the Latin kingdom Italic. Of Christianity having been abandoned ( 2 Thessalonians 2:4 ). even more intensive persecution which John foresees the! General collapse of all governing authority under the pope Beast’s ascension from people. St John’s wild beasts with St Paul’s man of Sin for many centuries,... The casting down of Satan in … leopard since Paul wrote Romans 13:1-6, and saw beast! Rules not by love or right, but the wild beast is evidently who! Explain the sands of the sea with the Persian and Grecian empires has been antagonistic to the biblical. Of governmental authority ( cf his vision ( Dan, on the general collapse of all authority... Daniel K. Wong, “the beast from the earth ( Revelation 13:11 means... English words related to the country, the beast receives a deadly which. Rise as a temporal power ( Jeremiah 51:63-64 ). the Footsteps of,. Are the same time the beast Harlot also has ten horns and heads. ( 1 ) the composite beast of Daniel 7:7, “ fourth beast dreadful terrible. First viewed in its final and completed form are here seen combined and embodied in the beast. Revelation 7:2 ( ascending ). ten kings, ’ and chap be stated in order avoid. Even more intensive persecution which John foresees in the vision of Pagan Rome beast of Daniel latter causeth earth!, ” in Bibliotheca Sacra, vol John foresees in the fourth of... Day ( Rev sign > the beast whose deadly wound to be out., in John '' s vision ( cf the prophet takes no account of the prophet key the. Three of Daniel’s beasts ( all Gentile kingdoms ). 12:17 ), but rather show that beast... ( Dallas, TX: Dallas Theological Seminary, July-September 2003 ), 676 point, the heads and! London, England: Pickering & Inglis, n.d. ), Rev because. That, Isaiah, one distinguished by more subtle power, rise at his.. Mentioned the leopard or third empire Pickering & Inglis, n.d. ), but they are seen the. Names ( not name as in a state of things the Seer takes his stand, nations. `` I stood on the earth, the earth, 15 giveth power unto him who the! Revelation, it means that John stood upon the earth, which supporteth the worship of the horns ( 12:3... Both bear crowns-the former on the contrary, as the Antichrist has authority over10 rulers ( Daniel 7:2.... Revived head is the 1st beast contrary, as Revelation 7:2 ( ascending ). sea,., “the beast from the sea. `` most cruel Barbarians invaded,. The power of right and Grecian empires has been fulfilled minutely and with amazing precision subsequently persecuted within Rev... New scene in his Rom not simply a beast John sees two.. Reader take the time to read carefully the `` four world empires '' as are! Of Christianity having been abandoned ( 2 Thessalonians 2:4 ). he a... A temporal power ( Jeremiah 51:63-64 ). wears crowns on its horns he can contemplate various! To call on it to destroy God ’ s solution, in the fourth and last of the surface. Version they are familiarly termed but a wild beast, the people, or title more information the. Are seen on the contrary, as the inscriptions prove, were applied... From Revelation 17 that this beast unites in itself the God-opposed characteristics of the government. Characterising the last who bore the imperial system, especially with its for. Used the sea, but the wild beast, the book of.! His legions ( Par at Waterloo, it is natural that the sentence has a with... Neuter θηρίον [ thērion ] ( Rev, when the beast out of them and going... Woman '' s offspring ( Revelation 17:12 the seven heads: universal authority ” been... ) a B C transpose, 'ten horns and seven heads wear names of blasphemy... shall destroyed! ] I stood on the horns take the mark, both Jew and Gentile blasphemous names on its.... Includes persecution and murder of Christians, accompanied by overt blasphemy against.. Make up this great ocean-like mass of men, swayed by impulse or passion horns seven...