Eventually, it also became associated with the fidelity of lovers, and was presented to wedding guests as a gift. One day Prometheus, who was a cousin of Zeus and friend to mankind, met Zeus in a field of poppies. Oregano was designed by her hand to represent joy. Wormwood was the Artemisia of Greek Mythology. Rose- Rosaceae - The word rose comes from the Greek word rodon (red) and the rose of the Ancients was a deep crimson and supposedly sprung from the blood of Adonis. Take it out of the ground on a Monday (the day of the moon), a little time after the vernal equinox. CosmicJon on November 19, 2015: Excellent article, simple and to the point. Linseed oil is used in paint as a drying agent. Although associated with healing, like his twin sister Artemis, he could also inflict disease and plague. Basil is used mainly as a culinary herb. Bluebell - Hyacinthus nonscriptus - Flower of grief and mourning. Named for one of the Three Graces, Euphrosyne who was distinguished for her joy and mirth. The flowers can be candied or frozen in ice cubes. A leaf in your cornmeal or flour will keep the weevils away. Basil Native varieties of basil are found throughout Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Dog's Mercury- Mercurialis perennis (Euphoriaceae) - Disagreeable odor, extremely acrid and poisonous to animals. in Wales) "Devil's bane". Herbs are drugs. Verbena or Vervain has long been associated with divine and other supernatural forces. Basil- Ocimum basilicum -There are many stories of the origin of basil, but we will surmise that the name coming from the mythical character the basilisk is correct. There were many lesser gods, nymphs, satyrs, muses, furies, fates, and sirens that did the bidding of the gods. Sacred to : Helios Mythology : Metamorphosis Klytie. Oregano is maybe the most commonly used herb in Greek Cuisine, in soups, stews, with meat and fish, and of course, no Greek “Horiatiki” salad worth its salt, is without oregano. Minerva, the goddess of knowledge is also associated with this herb. Artemisia- Artemisia absinthium- Named after Artemis or Diana, goddess of the hunt. The Mythology of Mint: A Healing Herb. The Ancients were well aquainted with this herb that had a reputation for strengthening the memory. Besides instilling strength, speed and courage (it was the herb of Mars), garlic was thought to posses magical powers against evil. They had nymphs, titans, Cyclops and a most wily and terrible son, Cronus (or Saturn) who overthrew his father Uranus. Pluto was chosen to rein over the underworld and he took for his wife Persephone who was the daughter of Ceres, goddess of corn. Klytie was a Nymphe loved by the sun-god Helios. The Norse god Baldr was killed with mistletoe. We get the words "Achilles tendon " from this incident in mythology. Moly: a magic herb in Greek mythology with a black root and white blossoms; Raskovnik: a magic plant in Serbian mythology which can open any lock; Vegetable Lamb of Tartary: a mythical plant supposed by medieval thinkers to explain the existence of cotton; Yggdrasil: the World tree of Norse mythology; Hoaxes The Greeks brought their gods to the Romans, but the Romans had other gods: Pomona, goddess of the fruit; Flora, goddess of flowers; Lucina, goddess of childbirth; and many more. Some are mentioned in battles, some are seeked by gods, while others are randomly stumbled upon. It was called "tears of Isis" in ancient Egypt, and later on "Juno's tears". One day she left him in her chariot drawn by swans and started for Mt. Prometheus stole fire back in a hollow fennel stem and gave it to man. Myrtle– Myrtus communis – The emblem of fertility and purity and therefore used in wedding bouquests. He took Rhea for his wife and they had many children that Cronus devoured because it had been prophesied one would overthrow him. Herbs in Mythology Today I am doing a write up or rather a list of the herbs in mythology.I find it interesting to know people have been using plants and herbs for thousands upon thousands of years.Perhaps one day people in the future people will be writing about the plants and herbs in which we used and the creations that man has made from genetics in our time. The folklore behind the cutting of hawthorn is quite interesting. , Other examples of sacred herbs include valerian, yarrow, hemp, and mugwort. For thirty days water it with cow's milk in which three bats have been drowned. Elecampane- Inula helenium - Wild yellow flower, much like a sunflower -The Ancient writers mention Inula as affording a root used both as a medicine and a condiment. The basilisk was a large lizard, much like the bearded dragons of today and was thought even a look would kill. Native American Herb Mythology Here is our collection of Native American legends and traditional stories about herbs. Though angelica’s use long predates Christianity, the early Christians associated it with the Archangel Michael, and it is said to bloom most profusely on his saint’s day. It was possibly first cultivated in India, where it has been considered a sacred herb associated with love and faithfulness. It is used externally to remove warts, and is used in skin diseases. Parsley is widely used as a culinary herb, but it is also used medicinally. Savory- Winter savory - Satureja montana, Summer savory - S. hortensis - This herb belonged to the satyrs, these were hairy little creatures with short horns, feet of a goat, mischievous and oversexed. The Ancients used it as the chief ingredient of the famous antidote to poison used by King Mithridates who said to become immuned to poison by taking it in gradual doses. There were many gods and goddess born to rein over the earth, sky and Hades. Ceres, the goddess of corn, wore a crown of grain interwoven with poppies. They emerge from the earth and draw nourishment from it. First was Chaos; from Chaos came Mother Earth, Gaea, and the starry heavens, Uranus. Hyacinthus was partial to Apollo which angered Zephrus. Eyebright- Euphrasia officinalis - Euphrasia is of Greek origin meaning gladness. Apollo grabbed the tree and flung his arms around it crying, "My love, my love, I shall love you forever and evermore you shall be green. He became weak and pale and withered and in his place when he died was a beautiful blue flower which preserves the memory of Narcissus to this day. She cautioned him all the while to be careful of large prey. Bulfinch’s Mythology, Myths of the Greeks and Romans, The Herb Society of America - South Texas Unit. Narcissus- Amaryllidaceae - A beautiful youth named Narcissus saw his image in a pool of water and fell in love with it. The best known example is the mistletoe. Scorpions were also associated with basil and it was thought that eating too much basil would breed scorpions in the brain. The gods Cupid and Bacchus are also associated with the rose-the sign of pleasure and companion of mirth and wine. Odysseus used it to keep Circe from turning him into a pig, and Egyptians swore upon it when taking a solemn … Fig- Ficus carica -The fig was dedicated to Bacchus and was the main diet of the early Greeks and Romans. Herbal Myths, Lore, And Legends: Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris) Commonly considered a woman’s herb, the dew of this plant has fascinated various cultures through the ages. Though you may have only become recently aware of the healing properties of mint, the plant and its many varieties have been a go-to of herbalism for centuries. It was and still is used as a vegetable and also used to aid digestion. When Paris was killed Helen returned to Menelaus and through difficulty they returned to Sparta where they lived happily ever after. It is said that it is an invention of Hecate, goddess of sorcery and witchcraft. To the primitive mind, deaths opposite are sex and fertility and mistletoe stood for this also. The golden apples were regarded as a symbol of love and happiness. Herbs in Mythology. If overdosed, it affected the eyes and could cause convulsions. In the 1870 The History and Practice of Magic by "Paul Christian" (Jean-Baptiste Pitois) it is employed in the preparation of a mandragora charm: Would you like to make a Mandragora, as powerful as the homunculus (little man in a bottle) so praised by Paracelsus? The inhabitants of Cyrene crowned themselves with fig wreaths when sacrificing to Saturn holding him to be the discoverer of the fruit. Arachne was a talented weaver and challenged Minerva to a contest. Opthomologists use Atropine to dilate the eyes, and it is used as an antispasmodic.Bittersweet is also a nightshade. Homer tells us that the virtues of garlic is what saved Ulysses from being turned into a pig like his soldiers were on the island of Aeaea by Circe, an enchantress. The lion picked it up in his bloody mouth and dropped it. He revealed it medicinal virtues. All rights reserved. Cereal is named in honor of Ceres. Mint is used for teas, and to flavor sweets and vegetables. Circe was a goddess of Greek mythology. All parts of this herb are poisonous, but the root is most often used. Vine Grape- Vitis vinefera - Grapes were considered fruit of the gods and Bacchus was the god of wine. See more ideas about Herbs, Mythology, Herbalism. In mythology, there was a boy named Krokos, whom Hermes adored. It is used as a stimulant, diuretic, expectorant and is used in healing ointments. She was grief stricken and as he lay dying she said "My Adonis, my grief shall endure, but your blood shall be changed into a beautiful flower." The generic name is the ancient Roman term for sacrificial herbs considered very powerful. Alta is known as the town of the Northern Lights. Marjoram on the other hand was made to have the scent of Aphrodite on it. The European mistletoe, Viscum album, figured prominently in Greek mythology, and is believed to be The Golden Bough of Aeneas, ancestor of the Romans. Aconite- Aconitum napellus - Monkshood, Wolf’s Bane - Name derived from Aconae, supposed place of origin. The old men who were infirmed were given droughts of Aconite. Pyramus found the veil and was sure his love had been killed by the lion, then he took his sword saying "My love you will not die alone." There were many lesser gods, nymphs, satyrs, muses, furies, fates, and sirens that did the bidding of the gods. 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